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Habitat types listed in the Habitats Directive

The Habitats Directive protects over 230 habitats considered valuable by the European Union. These habitats are only found in very small areas or are in danger of disappearing within the Union. On the other hand, they could also be excellent examples of the EU´s six biogeographical regions. A total of 68 habitats referred to in the Habitats Directive can be found in Finland, 22 of which have priority status.
A picture of a steep esker forest slope.
Esker forests form a habitat protected by the EU. The esker environment is at its most unique on sunlit esker slopes. © Anne Raunio

The Habitats Directive requires that Member States designate areas for protection in order to guarantee favourable conservation status. These habitat types are listed in Annex I of the Habitats Directive. Habitat types are a factor in the selection process for Natura 2000 sites. Selection criteria for these sites is listed in Annex III.

Names and codes of Habitat Directive's habitat types found in Finland:

Habitats Directive's habitat types in Finland, not accessible (pdf, 151 KB)

Habitat type reports of the Habitats Directive

The member states of the European Union report to the Commission every six years on the implementation of the Habitats Directive. The results of directive reporting play a significant role in the EU's nature conservation policy, for example in the implementation of the EU's biodiversity strategy.

The report includes an assessment of the conservation status of all habitat types and species referred to in the directive. The evaluation of the conservation status for the reporting period 2001–2006 was done in 2007, for the period 2007–2012 in 2013 and for the period 2013–2018 in 2019. From the development of the conservation status, it can be concluded, among other things, how effective the implemented conservation measures have been.

For each habitat type, the report contains information on the assessment criteria, based on which the overall assessment of the conservation status has been prepared. The evaluation criteria are range, area covered by habitat, structure and function, and the future prospects of the habitat type. Since 2013, the surface area of ​​the habitat type in Natura 2000 areas has also been reported.

Numerous experts participate in the work

Under the leadership of the Ministry of the Environment, a wide group of experts from several different organizations have participated in Finland's reporting. The main responsible parties have been the Finnish Environment Institute, Metsähallitus and Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment.

Important partners in the compilation, production and evaluation of materials have also been Natural Resources Institute Finland, the Geological Survey of Finland and the Åland Provincial Government.

Reporting 2013–2018: results and summaries

In 2019, the period 2013–2018 was reported to the EU Commission. There were 68 reportable habitat types.

Assessments of conservation status of species and habitats (EIONET)

National summary 1 (

National summary 2 (

Reporting 2007–2012: results and summaries

In 2013, the period 2007–2012 was reported to the EU Commission. There were 66 reportable habitat types.

Assessments of conservation status of species and habitats (EIONET)

National summary (

Reporting 2001–2006: results and summaries

In 2007, the period 2001–2006 was reported to the EU Commission. There were 69 reportable habitat types.

National summary (

More information

Special coordinator Marita Arvela, Finnish Environment Institute,


Finnish Environment Institute (Syke)