Nationally valuable landscape areas
The inventory of Nationally Valuable Landscape Areas covers the whole of Finland. The sites in Northern Lapland are mainly Sámi cultural landscapes that represent landscape types typical to reindeer husbandry and other natural livelihoods. Marine sites include landscape types characteristic to archipelago livelihoods. They also include landscape types marked by forestry as well as historically and scenically notable attractions.
Landscape areas by province
In Finnish/Swedish/Sámi languages
Map service and spatial datasets
Browse videos (YouTube)
- Aavasaksan maisemat
- Eteläisen Tornionlaakson maisemat
- Etelä-Päijänteen kulttuuri- ja harjusaarimaisemat
- Halikonjokilaakson viljelymaisema
- Iijoen jokivarsimaisemat
- Kaukosen kylämaisema
- Kuortaneenjärven kulttuurimaisemat
- Kymijokilaakson kulttuurimaisema
- Kyrönjokilaakson kulttuurimaisemat
- Köyliönjärven kulttuurimaisema
- Lestijokilaakson kulttuurimaisema
- Limingan lakeuden kulttuurimaisema
- Nummenjoen ja Pusulanjoen viljelylaakso
- Paukarlahden viljelymaisema
- Saarijärvenreitin kulttuurimaisemat
- Siuntion ja Degerbyn viljelymaisemat
- Sääksmäen ja Tarttilan kulttuurimaisemat
- Tammelan kulttuurimaisemat
Drone video recording and video editing: Martina Motzbäuchel / Valokuvaus Lichtwerk
Read more in Finnish: Maiseman muutoksessa mukana - valtakunnallisesti arvokkaiden maisema-alueiden monet mahdollisuudet 2021-2023 (Maa- ja kotitalousnaiset)
The identification of Nationally Valuable Landscape Areas is based on the Land Use and Building Act
The national land use objectives provided for in the Land Use and Building Act (132/1999) require ensuring that the values of nationally valuable cultural environments and natural heritage are safeguarded. In accordance with Section 24 of the Act, this shall be taken into account in the activities of state authorities, regional planning and other land use planning.
Authorities’ national inventories concerning nationally valuable landscapes, nationally significant built cultural heritage sites and nationally significant archaeological sites form the knowledge base for taking note of the cultural environment values in accordance with the national land use objectives.
Evaluation of the areas is based not only on the particular features and specialties of the areas, but also on the regional landscape division which was given its current form in 1992. Landscape areas are selected so that they represent the most important features of each region. Meanwhile, the division ensures the regionally versatile distribution of valuable landscape areas.
Landscape areas were inventoried in 2010–2015. The inventory was complemented based on feedback received in public hearings and in connection with consultation rounds carried out in 2016–2021. The preparation of reports on the landscape areas was tasked to the Ministry of the Environment.
The outcome of the inventory (VAMA 2021) was accepted by Government Decision as an inventory within the meaning of the national land use objectives under the Land Use and Building Act on 18 November 2021. VAMA 2021 replaces the previous inventory accepted based on the Government Resolution of 5 January 1995. The purpose of identifying nationally valuable landscape areas is to both secure the preservation of typical and vibrant rural landscapes and to attract interest in landscape management. It also reflects the objectives of the Council of Europe Landscape Convention (2000/2006).
- Valtioneuvoston päätös YM/2021/70 (Finnish Government) (In Finnish, Government Decision)
- Council of Europe Landscape Convention (Council of Europe)
Landscapes are in constant change as a result of both human activity and natural phenomena. Most of the changes are reversible short-term fluctuations caused by, for example, the seasonal cycle or weather phenomena. The changes may also be of long-term or permanent nature.
Changes in Nationally Valuable Landscape Areas are monitored by means of photography and videotaping. Photos and videos help examining phenomena occurring in the landscapes and the impacts of changes.
Nina Ahola, Researcher, Finnish Environment Institute, firstname.lastname@example.org
Tapio Heikkilä, Senior Environmental Adviser, Ministry of the Environment, email@example.com
Timo Turunen, Senior Environmental Adviser, Ministry of the Environment, firstname.lastname@example.org