Eastern Gulf of Finland (GOF)

The Natura 2000 site of Eastern GOF's Archipelago and waters was FINMARINET's main focus, Kotka being the  nearest and best known coastal town here. While in the Bothnian Bay the salinity gradient diminishes going north, here the same happens as we go east towards Russia. As a result most marine species are struggling here. Most of the study area is outer archipelago, and there are vast open water areas between the much fewer islands than to west of here. Rocky shores and glacial boulders abound in the area.

Steep rocky islands and narrow and long morenian islands form similar habitats underwater, namely rocky bottoms and sand banks. Other valuable and vulnerable habitat types in the area include coastal lagoons and underwater reefs. Bladder wrack is a common algal species on the rocky bottoms and also Furcellaria and other macro algae are often found there. In the bays and on the sand bottoms many vascular plants dominate the floral scene. The animal life consists of bivalves, molluscs and crustaceans, among others, with some marine species alongside the fresh water ones.

The FINMARINET research area in the Eastern Gulf of Finland and the Eastern Gulf of Finland Natura 2000 -site.


Published 2013-12-17 at 12:42, updated 2013-12-17 at 12:42