Share of renewable energy increasing

Long-term progress:
Non-renewable forms of energy account for two thirds of Finland’s energy consumption.
Short-term progress:
The share of renewable energy has grown in recent years.
Progress in relation to targets:
The target for 2020, with renewables accounting for 38% of end-use, is only a few percentage points away.

Share of renewable energy of the total energy consumption 1970–2013

Renewable energy

The category “Other” includes recycled fuels, heat pumps, wind power and heat from industrial reaction. Energy from peat combustion and net imports of electricity are not included in renewables. Year 2013 is preliminary. Source: Statistics Finland. 2014.

Forests the key source of renewable energy

The share of renewable sources in Finnish energy production fell in the 1970s, but has grown again since 1990. The earlier drop was caused by an increase in total energy consumption partly stimulated by new nuclear power plants. In absolute terms, small-scale combustion of wood was the only renewable energy that decreased and this was due to oil and electric heating becoming more common in households.

Waste sludge from pulp mills has long been a key source of renewable energy in Finland. Use of solid wood fuels has also increased steadily in both industry and energy sectors since the 1970s. The share of some new forms of energy, such as heat pumps, wind power and solar thermal collectors, has more than tripled since 2005. Investments in these renewables are supported through feed-in tariffs and other financial measures.

The EU Directive on Renewable Energy aims to raise the share of renewable energy in Finland to 38% of end-use by 2020. End-use refers to consumption of electricity, heat and fuels by end consumers, not taking account of the loss in energy transfer and conversion. The share of renewable energy in Finland calculated in this manner, has been around 4–5 percentage points higher than if it were calculated on the basis of total energy consumption.

The latest statistics on renewable energy’s share of end-use date back to 2010, when it was around 32%. In terms of total energy consumption, renewables increased their share by 5.6 percentage points in 2010–2013, meaning a likely rise to over 35% of end-use.


  • Statistics Finland. 2014.
  • National Energy and Climate strategy. The Ministry of Employment and the Economy. 2013.


Published 2015-04-22 at 12:35, updated 2016-07-20 at 17:42