Wind power construction

Wind power is an environmentally friendly way of producing energy. Wind power produces energy without polluting the environment and reduces the need for coal-, oil- and gas-based electricity. In Finland, the share of wind power of the overall electricity supply is still very small.

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© Tomi Lehtola

Currently electricity produced with wind power covers about 7 % of our annual electricity consumption. At the end of 2019, there were 754 wind turbines in Finland, with a capacity of 2284 MW. The National Energy and Climate Strategy for 2030, approved by the Government on 24 November 2016, outlines that the use of renewable energy will be increased so that its share will rise to more than 50 per cent during the 2020s. The strategy outlines that Finland will prepare to utilise extensively the country’s wind power potential in land use planning. The siting of wind turbines must take into account techno-economic factors, environmental values and other land use. The effects of wind turbines depend largely on the location of the wind turbines and the environmental values of the area.

Land use planning steers wind power construction

For the most part, wind power construction is subject to the same regulations as other construction. The construction of wind turbines plants should always be based on the land use plans drafted in accordance with the Land Use and Building Act. This means that the areas fit for wind power construction are defined in the plan.

The planning of wind power areas is currently very active. There are a number of local master plans that directly steer the construction of wind power under the 2011 amendment to the Land Use and Building Act. Existing and pending regional land use plans allow for significant additional construction of wind power.

Building permits are always required for wind power construction. It should be noted that land use planning has no means of solving issues related to special legislation. Depending on the location, an obstacle approval pursuant to the Aviation Act, a water permit pursuant to the Water Act or an environmental permit pursuant to the Environmental Protection Act may be required for the construction of wind power.

Published 2013-10-25 at 13:29, updated 2021-02-02 at 16:19