Waste management authorities and duties

The Ministry of the Environment participates in the preparation of Finnish, European and global waste policies. The preparation of Finnish waste legislation is based on international conventions and EU regulations. The Ministry of the Environment controls, develops and monitors the application and interpretation of the Waste Act within its sphere of administration. However, the Ministry of the Environment does not, as a general rule, comment on individual issues concerning application of the law.

Regional State Administrative Agencies issue environmental permits for major waste treatment facilities, such as landfills, waste incineration plants, hazardous waste treatment sites and large-scale waste recovery or final treatment plants.

Centres for economic development, transport and the environment guide and monitor the waste management in municipalities. The centres monitor compliance with environmental permits and prepare regional waste management plans. They also register professional waste carriers and transporters in the waste management database.

The Centre for economic development, transport and the environment for Pirkanmaa supervises compliance with provisions on producer responsibility on a national level. Producer responsibility concerns tyres, paper products, packaging, electrical and electronic equipment, batteries and accumulators.

The Finnish Environment Institute monitors international waste shipments and acts as the correspondent pursuant to the Waste Shipment Regulation.

The Finnish Safety and Chemicals Agency (TUKES) supervises compliance with product requirements concerning electrical and electronic equipment with the exception of medical devices in accordance with Act 387/2013, as well as the product requirements concerning batteries and accumulators as laid down in Government Decree 422/2008 and the product requirements for their packaging as laid down in Government Decree 518/2014.

Municipalities are responsible for the management of domestic waste. In many municipalities, waste management duties have been transferred to local waste companies, who organise most of the municipal waste management, including transportation, landfills, composting and incineration plants and waste guidance.

Municipal waste management authority is responsible for the public administrative duties related to waste management, such as deciding on the municipal waste tariff and the waste treatment system. If several municipalities have co-operated to form a regional waste management company, the municipalities must also set up a joint organ to handle the administrative duties.

Municipal environment protection authorities can have one or several municipalities under their responsibility. The authorities issue waste permits to smaller operations, including the storage of hazardous waste and end-of-life vehicles. They also accept notifications of professional waste carriers in the waste management register. Municipal authorities supervise the compliance of businesses and the public with the Waste Act, including the obligation to belong to an organised waste management system, appropriate waste collection and the prohibition on litter.

Published 2013-08-26 at 16:19, updated 2020-10-02 at 10:51