Wind power construction

Wind power is an environmentally friendly way of producing energy. Wind power plants produce energy without polluting the environment and they reduce the need for coal-, oil- and gas-based electricity. In Finland, the share of wind power of the overall electricity supply is still very small.

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© Tomi Lehtola

At the moment, electricity produced with wind power covers about 2,8 % of our annual consumption. At the end of 2015, there were 387 wind power plants in Finland, with a capacity of 1005 MW. The National Climate and Energy Strategy has set the target of wind power production to 9 TW h by 2025. This is equal to a capacity of 3,750 MW and requires the construction of 800-900 new wind power plants by 2025. Technological and economic factors, as well as environmental values and other land use matters, must be taken into account when allocating wind power plants. The impacts of wind power plants are heavily dependent on their locations and the environmental values of the area.

Land use planning steers wind power construction

For the most part, wind power construction is subject to the same regulations as other construction. The construction of wind power plants should always be based on the land use plans drafted in accordance with the Land Use and Building Act. This means that the areas fit for wind power construction are defined in the plan.

The planning of wind power plant sites is currently very active. There are a number of local master plans which steer the construction of wind power directly, in accordance with the 2011 amendment to the Land Use and Building Act. At the end of 2012, their overall capacity was 6,000 MW, of which 5,000 MW was on land. The currently effective regional plans allow the construction of around 6,000 MW of wind power, mainly on the sea, and the pending regional plans pave way for the construction of 14,000 MW of wind power on land.

Building permits are always required for wind power construction. It should be noted that land use planning has no means of solving issues related to special legislation. Depending on the location, an obstacle approval pursuant to the Aviation Act, a water permit pursuant to the Water Act or an environmental permit pursuant to the Environmental Protection Act may be required for the construction of a wind power plant.

Published 2013-10-25 at 13:29, updated 2016-03-01 at 9:21