Manufacturing and climate change mitigation (SYKE-CCM)
Manufacturing – from large-scale industrial activities to food-processing industry and agriculture – plays a significant and globally variable role as a contributor to the production of greenhouse gases (GHGs). The main contributing factors recognized in industrial production chains are the specific energy consumption of production, the way in which the energy is produced, as well as the energy content and other properties of the product itself. Any significant reduction of GHG emissions from manufacturing industries calls for actions such as use of energy-saving technologies, appropriate use of renewables and re-use of certain waste fractions and side-products as material or secondary energy sources.
As the largest user of wood-based biomass, pulp and paper industry accounts for about 70 % of the renewable energy production and consumption in Finland contributing to the relatively high rate (27.4 % in 2008) of renewable energy use nationally. Nevertheless, this share cannot be increased endlessly, which requires new, innovative technology to enable industry to increase the efficiency of energy production from the available wood resources. This appears feasible in the foreseeable future particularly in the production of chemical wood pulp.
Typically, an improvement in energy efficiency has followed on from an enhancement of production efficiency. Thus, significant energy savings – and GHG reductions – can be realized by introducing new modes of operation or tools such as energy audits and process integration. The most powerful tool in continuously improving energy efficiency in Finnish industry has been the voluntary Agreement on Energy Conservation, to which all large-scale industrial installations have committed themselves. At the beginning of 2008, this agreement was replaced by the third-generation Agreement on Energy Efficiency.
As the national Finnish focal point for the information exchange on Best Available Techniques (BAT), SYKE coordinates BAT related information exchange between industrial operators, environmental authorities and other interested parties by:
- Active contribution to the review of BAT Reference Documents for pulp and paper industry and large combustion plants (LCP)
- Industrial symbiosis system boundaries (ISSB)
SYKE, Åbo Akademi University, Academy of Finland, KETJU Programme, 2007-2010
- Finnish Expert Report on Best Available Techniques in Large Combustion Plants. 2001. The Finnish Environment 458. Available in PDF format.
- Wilén, C., Salokoski, P., Kurkela, E. & Sipilä, K. 2004. Finnish expert report on Best Available Techniques in energy production from solid recovered fuels. The Finnish Environment 688. Available in PDF format.
- Salminen, E. 2002. Finnish Expert Report on Best Available Techniques in Slaughterhouses and Installations for the Disposal or Recycling of Animal Carcasses and Animal Waste. The Finnish Environment 539. Available in PDF format.
- Kalliala, E. & Talvenmaa, P. 2000. The Finnish Background Report for the EC documentation of Best Available Techniques for Tanning Industry and for Wet Processing in Textile Industry. The Finnish Environment 426. Available in PDF format.
- Nilsson, P., Puurunen, K., Vasara, P. & Jouttijärvi, T. 2007. Continuum - Rethinking BAT Emissions of the Pulp and Paper Industry in the European Union. The Finnish Environment 12/2007. Available in PDF format.
- Heikkilä, I., Huumo, M., Siitonen, S., Seitsalo, P. & Hyytiä, H. 2008. Best available techniques (BAT) - Energy efficiency in industry. English abstract. The Finnish Environment 51/2008. Available in PDF-format.
- All Finnish BAT reports: Finnish BAT technology reports
Mr. Timo Jouttijärvi, Finnish Environment Institute SYKE, tel. +358 40 822 7895, firstname.lastname@example.org [timo jouttijarvi]